How do you effectively teach reading to someone with dyslexia (a language based learning difficulty)? 
How do you teach ANY beginning reader to read well?

Go Phonics utilizes these combined strategies (as part of its underlying framework), to make it highly effective for struggling/dyslexic beginning readers:

1. Use simultaneous, multisensory instruction for teaching the name, formation, and sound of letters: vison, hearing, and touch simultaneously to promote higher retention. 

2. Teach phonics skills one at a time in building block fashion.

3. Use a sequence that minimizes confusion (systematic).

4. Teach decoding (reading) and encoding (spelling) skills using the 42 basic sounds of the English language---helping those who cannot memorize words by sight, and helping all students to read larger words independently.

5. Review DAILY the vowel, phonogram, and digraph sounds until mastered. 

6. Provide integrated materials that give substantial decoding and encoding practice to achieve mastery.

7. Make the practice FUN--transforming it into a magical experience by using games, songs, and activities that support the instruction.

8. Give students preparation before reading a story by playing a word decoding game and doing worksheets related to the new sound/spelling, plus the reading and language arts skills that will be in the decodable story.

9. Provide decodable stories with controlled vocabulary that builds on the skills taught to date---eliminating the tendency to guess.

10. Teach comprehension and language arts skills within the context of the stories (to give the skills meaning and purpose).

What does the word "dyslexia" mean?
The word "dyslexia" broken apart: 
"dys" means not able or having difficulty with
"lexia" comes from the Greek word for "language"

What are the common difficulties?
1. Difficulty remembering the names of the letters of the alphabet 
2. Difficulty remembering the sounds of the letters 
3. Reversing letters when writing (b-d), or flipping them (b-p) 
4. Writing right to left -- mirror writing 
5. Reading words backwards (tap - pat) 
6. Scrambling letters in reading or writing (gril - girl) 
7. Substituting words for the written word (rat - mouse, truck - van, house - home) 

"...once a child falls behind, he must make up thousands of unread words to catch up to his peers who are continuing to move ahead."
From "Overcoming Dyslexia"
by Sally Shaywitz

 "If help is given in 4th grade, rather than late in kindergarten, it takes four times as long to improve the same skills by the same amount."
From "Straight Talk About Reading"
by Susan Hall and Louisa Moats


Multisensory Reading Program  Especially Effective for Students with Dyslexia/LLD (language based learning difficulties).

Integrated Tools for Practice and Repetition phonics games, workbooks, sequenced, decodable controlled vocabulary stories


The Slingerland Institute
The Slingerland Institute for Literacy trains teachers to work with dyslexic students in their classrooms using the Slingerland Multi-sensory Approach. This methodology is a simultaneous, multi-sensory, structured approach. It was developed by Beth Slingerland over 50 years ago. It is an adaptation of the Orton Gillingham approach (designed for one-on-one instruction). www.slingerland.org 

Orton Gillingham Approach
The International Dyslexia Association: www.interdys.org

The Orton Gillingham Approach for Teaching Reading, web page: Multisensory Teaching
 


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