To effectively teach reading to someone with dyslexia (a language based learning difficulty), 
AND to teach ANY beginning reader to read well:

Go Phonics approach and strategies

Intricately woven into the Go Phonics Reading Program is an Orton-Gillingham based approach with key strategies and tools ALL beginning readers need to succeed! By using them, students will learn properly and thoroughly, and your job of teaching them is going to be a lot easier! 

1. Simultaneous, multisensory instruction is used to teach the name, formation, and sound of letters: vison, hearing, and touch used simultaneously to promote higher retention. 

2. Phonics based lessons are explicit, systematic: one at a time in building block fashion.

3. The phonics sequence minimizes confusion and shows the patterns and relationships.

4. Decoding (reading) and encoding (spelling) skills are taught using the 42 (not 44) basic sounds of the English language---helping those who cannot memorize words by sight, and helping all students to read longer words independently.

5. DAILY REVIEW is done -- the vowel, phonogram, and digraph sounds until mastered. 

6. Substantial decoding and encoding practice is needed to achieve mastery.

7. FUN Practice makes it memorable using games, songs, and activities.

8. Preparation for reading a story: playing word decoding games, doing worksheets related to the new sound/spelling and the language arts skills in the decodable story.

9. Use decodable stories with controlled vocabulary that builds on the skills taught to date---eliminating the tendency to guess.

What does the word "dyslexia" mean?
The word "dyslexia" broken apart: "dys" means not able or having difficulty with "lexia" comes from the Greek word for "language"

What are the common difficulties?
1. Difficulty remembering the names of the letters of the alphabet 
2. Difficulty remembering the sounds of the letters 
3. Reversing letters when writing (b-d), or flipping them (b-p) 
4. Writing right to left -- mirror writing 
5. Reading words backwards (tap - pat) 
6. Scrambling letters in reading or writing (gril - girl) 
7. Substituting words for the written word (rat - mouse, truck - van, house - home)
8. Difficulty remembering/recognizing and comprehending written words

Strategies --- learn more in the
Go Phonics Program Overview

"...once a child falls behind, he must make up thousands of unread words to catch up to his peers who are continuing to move ahead."
From "Overcoming Dyslexia"
by Sally Shaywitz

 "If help is given in 4th grade, rather than late in kindergarten, it takes four times as long to improve the same skills by the same amount."
From "Straight Talk About Reading" by Susan Hall & Louisa Moats

Multisensory Reading Program  Especially Effective for Students with Dyslexia/LLD (language based learning difficulties).

Integrated Tools for Practice and Repetition phonics games, workbooks, sequenced, decodable controlled vocabulary stories

The Slingerland Institute
The Slingerland Institute for Literacy trains teachers to work with dyslexic students in their classrooms using the Slingerland Method -- an adaptation of the Orton Gillingham approach. 

Orton Gillingham Approach
The International Dyslexia Association:

The Orton Gillingham Approach for Teaching Reading, web page: Multisensory Teaching

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