|How do you effectively teach reading to someone with dyslexia (a language based learning difficulty)?
How do you teach ANY beginning reader to read well?
Go Phonics utilizes these combined strategies (as part of its underlying framework), to make it highly effective for struggling/dyslexic beginning readers:
1. Use simultaneous, multisensory instruction for teaching the name, formation, and sound of letters: vison, hearing, and touch simultaneously to promote higher retention.
2. Teach phonics skills one at a time in building block fashion.
3. Use a sequence that minimizes confusion (systematic).
4. Teach decoding (reading) and encoding (spelling) skills using the 42 basic sounds of the English language---helping those who cannot memorize words by sight, and helping all students to read larger words independently.
5. Review DAILY the vowel, phonogram, and digraph sounds until mastered.
6. Provide integrated materials that give substantial decoding and encoding practice to achieve mastery.
7. Make the practice FUN--transforming it into a magical experience by using games, songs, and activities that support the instruction.
8. Give students preparation before reading a story by playing a game and doing worksheets related to the new sound, and reading and language arts skills that will be in the story.
9. Provide decodable stories with controlled vocabulary that builds on the skills taught to date---eliminating the tendency to guess.
10. Teach comprehension and language arts skills within the context of the stories (to give the skills meaning and purpose).
Why do some children
What does the word "dyslexia"
What are the common
signs of dyslexia?
National Institutes of Health (NIH) Research
"...once a child falls behind, he must make up thousands of unread words to catch up to his peers who are continuing to move ahead."
"If help is given in 4th grade, rather than late in kindergarten, it takes four times as long to improve the same skills by the same amount."
Multisensory Reading Program Especially Effective for Students with Dyslexia/LLD (language based learning difficulties).
Integrated Tools for Practice and Repetition phonics games, workbooks, sequenced, decodable controlled vocabulary stories
Jumbled Letters is a positive, interactive blog community site designed for the dyslexic community to exchange ideas, news, events, and to be read
by others that comment back and forth. www.jumbledletters.org
For more information on learning disabilities visit the web site: www.SchwabLearning.org
The Slingerland Institute
The Slingerland Institute for Literacy trains teachers to work with dyslexic students in their classrooms using the Slingerland Multi-sensory Approach. This methodology is a simultaneous, multi-sensory, structured approach. It was developed by Beth Slingerland over 50 years ago. It is an adaptation of the Orton Gillingham approach (designed for one-on-one instruction). www.slingerland.org
Orton Gillingham Approach
The International Dyslexia Association: www.interdys.org
Articles from the International
The Orton Gillingham Approach
for Teaching Reading, web page: Multisensory
Simple Definition: Dyslexia is an inherited condition that makes it extremely difficult to read, write, and spell in your native language despite at least average intelligence.
Revised definition from the International Dyslexia Association: Dyslexia is a neurological disorder which interferes with the acquisition and processing of language. Varying degrees of severity, it is manifested by difficulties in receptive and expressive language, including phonological processing, in reading, in writing, spelling, handwriting, and sometimes arithmetic.
Research definition used by the National Institutes of Health: Dyslexia is one of several distinct learning disabilities. It is a specific language based disorder of constitutional origin characterized by difficulties in single word decoding, usually reflecting insufficient phonological processing abilities. These difficulties are often unexpected in relation to age and other cognitive academic abilities. They are not the result of generalized developmental disability or sensory impairment.
Dyslexia is manifested by
variable difficulty with different forms of language, often including,
in addition to problems in reading, a conspicuous problem acquiring proficiency
in writing and spelling.
1. Dyslexia does not exist.
Foundations for Learning, LLC/Go Phonics